About Artificial Intelligence

Founded as an academic discipline in 1956, the Artificial intelligence(AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines i.e. mostly computer systems. Artificial intelligence is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines.

 



In simple worlds, AI is the branch of computer science that aims to create a computer or a computer-controlled robot, may be its a software thinks intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent humans think.

Aims of AI


    It will create expert systems: which exhibit intelligent behavior, learn, demonstrate, explain, and also gives advice to its users.
    Human Intelligence may implement on machines: software & systems that can understand, think, and behave like humans.

AI is totally based on academic disciplines like: Computer Science, Biology, Psychology, Mathematics etc


Some Applications of AI

 

 



1) Optical character recognition:

The process of converting textual images may which may handwritten or printed text into machine encoded text, it can be from a scanned document, a photo of a document, or any textual image. Example is Google drive gives the OCR.

2) Speech Recognition:

Some of intelligent systems enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers and are capable of hearing and comprehending the language in terms of sentences and their meanings.

3) Gaming:

AI can easily play games with its broad set of algorithms where machine can think of large number possibilities based on heuristic knowledge. For example we play Chess.

4) NLP(Natural Language Processing):

 It is concerned with the interactions between computers and our natural language

5) Vision Systems: 

These systems mainly focused on visuals i.e. they capture, understand and process it accordingly. For Example: cctv cameras can recognize faces.

6) Robotics: 

Robots are programmable by a computer and capable of carrying out actions automatically. They have sensors to detect physical data from the real world such as light, heat, temperature etc and they learn from their past experiences or mistakes.


Sophia the first robot to get citizenship

 

Sophia uses AI, visual data processing and face recognition. Sophia also records human gestures and facial expressions and is to answer certain questions and make simple conversations.

* Studying the human brain, and how we learn, decide, and work on problems, & then based on the results intelligent software and systems developed.

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